THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
of Fraktur, 1675 and 1677. ' Whether they include types by Reinier Voskens I am
unable to say.
By 1689 Schmidt had moved to Amsterdam. An advertisement was printed in
the Amsterdamse Courant of 17 September 1695 to this effeft.
Notice is hereby given that Master Johan Adolf Smit, letter-cutter and letter-founder dwell¬
ing in Amsterdam in the Foeliedwarsstraat, Rapenburg, next the Black Dog, cuts all oriental
scripts in steel ; likewise [makes] all manner of matrices of copper as well as the moulds for casting
withal; also German, Roman, Italic, etc. At the service of all, whether printers or booksellers.2
He died in May 1697, and his widow sold his foundry to Johannes Rolu on
25 June 1697.3 The contraft between them gives an inventory of the foundry, which
was well-equipped, but had a great many incomplete sets of matrices. J)
izaak van der pune Two typefoundries at work in Amsterdam soon after 1700 were those of Izaak van
der Putte and Anthonie & Hendrik Bruyn. Some of their types were of seventeenth-
century origin, and there were some, as I have noted (see pp. 55—61), of the sixteenth
century. There is, therefore, reason to think that they were successors to two un¬
identified establishments of earlier days.
Abraham Ente (J¿ Izaak van der Putte makes his appearance as a typefounder in 1717, when
he bought the stock of moulds, matrices and punches of Abraham Ente.4
The seller was, no doubt, the same as Abraham Ente,5 who with the widow of
Johannes Adamsz had a well-equipped typefoundry in Amsterdam, and issued two
undated type-specimens from the Nieuwe Leliestraat, at the sign of the Batavier.6
There is no means of dating these specimens, apart from the faft that Adamsz died
in 1688, and his widow in 1706.7 Many of the types and ornaments in the two speci¬
mens are attributable to the Hungarian, Nicholas Kis (see pp. 130—133). ]3
I shall show in the next chapter that Van der Putte's business came into the
hands of the Brothers Ploos van Amstel. It is enough to note here that some of his
types have descended to us.
Two-line Great Frimer Fraktur No. 25. This has a smaller face than the corresponding
type in Van der Putte's specimen.8 The design of our type seems to me to be of the
G. Mori, Schriftproben Deutscher Schriftgiessereien aus den Jahren  Charles Enschedé presumed that this type came from
1479 bis 1840,1926, pp. 18-19, Nos' 55-58; O. Jolies, Die Deutsche the typefoundry of Jan Barentsz and into the hands of Van
Schriftgiesserei, 1923, p. 208. List of type-specimens Nos. 17, 20, der Putte (see note 5 on p. 130). Hendrik van der Putte had a
22# 23- Groóte Canon Hoogdnyts, which was shown in his specimen of
 Printed as a note in the original edition, where the c. 1749, No. 1. Proef van letteren, Die te bebmen zyn by Hendrik van der
authority is given as De Navorscher 52,1902, p. 166. Putte ... Amsterdam, (List of type-specimens No. 81), and later
 Kleerboper-Van Stocbm pp. 737-739. On Schmidt's arrival in specimen-books of the Ploos van Amstel Foundry. When
in Amsterdam and the date of his burial see Wan Eeghen 5, Joh. Enschedé en Zonen were going to take over that foundry
Lettergieterijen. an inventory was drawn up at the end of 1799 by G. J. van
 Kleerboper-Van Stocbm p. 1266. Rijswijk, its last owner. The inventory corresponds with the
 Abraham Ente was baptized on 4 Oftober 1667 (AGA, specimen-book of the Brothers Ploos van Amstel of (1784),
no. 44, p. 183). He was buried on 2 February 1728 (AGA, No. Proef van ... letteren, ... welb gegooten worden by Geb. Ploos van Amstel,
1200, p. 146). See also note 2 on p. 115. Amsterdam. List of type-specimens no. 132. There are copies in
 See note 8 on p. 130. the Museum Enschedé in which the numbers of the inventory
 See note 2 on p. 115. are written in the margins; the names of those faces which are
TYPES FROM THE VAN DER PUTTE FOUNDRY
early seventeenth, or even of the sixteenth, century. It is interesting to compare it
with printing done by Egenolffat Frankfurt am Main.1 It is shown here in fig. 107.
Four-line ¡Larfte] English-bodied Roman Titling Capitals No. 27. They appear in the specimen
issued by Hendrik van der Putte, с. 1749,2 and are also shown here in fig. 109 (p. 137).
ornamental initials No. 26. Cj¿ These initial letters (fig. 108, p. 136) are recuttings of
older material. The original H V D P are shown in the specimen of Hendrik van
der Putte,3 and in the 1767 specimen-book of the Brothers Ploos van Amstel the
F G H О are to be found in the first part and the HDP (the latter twice) in the
second.4 Izaak Enschedé used the original О in 1713 in the Book of Psalms; but in
jo ttót% ufe хіЩ\і\і
Fig. 107. Two-line Great Primer Fraktur no. 25.
Possibly from the foundry of Jan Barentsz.
not shown are noted on the blank verso of the leaves. The in¬
ventory lists matrices for (Type No. 226) Groóte Canon Hoogduits
van Van der Putte, which is the Groóte Canon Hoogduits in
the specimen-book. It appears from the Enschedé inventory
of the material of Ploos van Amstel drawn up in 1800 and from
that made in 1808 after much of that material had been de¬
stroyed, because it was regarded as being out of date, that
these matrices were destroyed. Punches were listed for a Gros
Canon Hoogduits, the provenance of which was not indicated.
These punches were not destroyed and are Enschedé's Type
No. 25. There were no matrices and this fits the faft that the
matrices of Type no. 25 were, no doubt, made in the late
nineteenth century. A Kanon Hoogduitsch is shown in Herdingh
& Du Mortier's specimen-book, Proeve van letteren, welb gevonden
worden ter boebrultbryë van Herdingh en du Mortier Leyden, 1793.
List of type-specimens no. 140. Compared with that Type No.
25 is, although remarkably like it in size and all else, rather
poorly drawn and may have been copied from it. The punches
of Type no. 25 are, however, technically well cut.
 Charles Enschedé refers, very likely, to some books he
had : P. Apianus, Newe vnnd wolgegriindete vnderweisung aller Kaujfnians
Rechnung, Frankfurt am Main, Christian EgenolflFs Erben, 1564;
S. J. von Koburgk, Rechenbuch, Frankfort am Main, Christian
EgenolfFs Erben, 1574. They are in the Museum Enschedé,
CTV 82, 83. Some headlines in them are printed in a type of
the kind, though much larger. Hoogduits (High German) faces
are to be found in specimens throughout the seventeenth
and eighteenth centuries.
 See List of type-specimens no. 82.
 Proef van letteren, ... Welb gegooten worden op de Lettergieteryen
van de Gebroeders Ploos van Amstel, Amsterdam, 1767. List of type-
specimens No. hi. In the foreword the Brothers Ploos van
Amstel state that the printing of their specimen-book had
been nearly finished before they bought the stock of the late
Hendrik van der Putte, but that the specimen sheets of the
newly-acquired types were added to this specimen-book.