THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY
printed by the Brothers of the Common Life (Collaciebroeders) at Gouda in 1496. '
Lombardie initials No. 4.2 A duodecimo volume from the same press at Gouda printed
in 1503, Die getiden van den seven bliscappen onser liever Vrouwen, The Hours of the Seven Joys
of our dear Lady,3 is the only one I know that has in it the initials No. 4 of our inven¬
tory. In that book they are mated with the Great Primer Black Letter No. 3, though
they are very little bigger than our Initials No. 2, which were used with the English-
bodied Black Letter.. .4
к в a x) a h о n x в л &
A little book printed by Cornelis Henricx at Delft in 1520 (hg.ió)5 shows that he
possessed all four of the types that I have been discussing. Cornelis6 was working at
Delft from 1518 until 1541. A psalter done by him in 1530 proves that he cut punches
as well, for in it he describes himself as calcotipia,7 that is to say 'cutter of brass letters'.8
Indeed he was highly skilled in this art: a New Testament of 1524 with his imprint9
ЗПет een Deuoeturíeftergrjerjeete
l^eet îêet^leem jjeeft Die 1;еіІщІ;е
plaetfë uâ trjifm 0emete.eñDíemateio
tyiet t Dit boeerhë beftreuë <6ñ tot elebe
plaetfe io 0ellelt её fi0itre m? её fcljocn
otacie Dinne tot0eDëcheniû~e D'paûiëôo
tjetê lefen fai. melche otarie inOieanOer
boecrhëo men llaë eñ Ditcontëpletenre
inacl;mc alle Die aflate uetDienë oftmë
feiner te tl;crufalë re0cuioerDtcl; maer
utfmart Ш mi «Cornelio Цепж.?.
f etterfnnret.3íínt iaer ono t;e
Fig. 16. English-bodied Black Letter No. i, Lombardie Initials no. 2.
Resetting of beginning and imprint of Bethlem, Devote meditane,
Delft, Cornelis Lettersnijder, 1520.
 CA 840. Charles Enschedé, who had not seen the book,
was sceptical about the occurrence of type no. 3 in it, but on
the faith of his ancestor's opinion he asserted the faci:. Three
pages of the Hours are reproduced by the Type Facsimile Society,
1901 gg, from the Enschedé copy (Catalogue auction Enschedé 1867,
lot 698) now at Cambridge ul, ulc 3418. The text is set in a
Great Primer Black Letter not very like type no. 3, hpt Plates
269 (reproducing a page of this copy), 270 (as Gouda, Collacie¬
broeders type 2: 113 G). Vervliet T n.
 CTV 39 no. 4.
 NK 3081 and Nijhoff-Kronenberg in iii, p. 118, where
the present whereabouts of the only recorded copy are given
as Washington, Library of Congress, coll. Rosenwald. Early
printed boots o[tlie Low Countries from the Lessing J. Rosenwald collection,
1958, No. 90; Livres anciens des Pays-Bas, i960, no. 99.
 Passage omitted.
 NK 316. The only recorded copy is in the City Library,
 See for the possible relationship of Cornelis to Henric
note 5 on p. 6,7.
 NK 345. He did so as early as 1517 (nk 1589 and nk 3139),
where he spelt the word as 'calcotypus'.
 See note 1 on p. 20. In all sixteen editions in Dutch
signed by him (see Nijhoff-Kronenberg in iii, pp. 232—233) he
calls himself 'Cornelis henricszoon Lettersnijder'. Probably
the Latin word was meant in the same sense, as 'letter-cutter'.
 nk 378. A copy was formerly in the Enschedé collection.
Catalogue auction Enschedé 1867, lot 231.
OTHER EARLY GOTHIC TYPES
is set in a type smaller in the face than our English-bodied Black Letter and very
skilfully cut in a fashion much like contemporary handwriting.l
The Great Primer Black Letter, though less commonly used than [Henric 's] Black
Letter on English body, is to be seen in the work of several presses in the early and
middle years of the sixteenth century. Fig. 18, from a devotional book printed by
Govaert Вас at Antwerp about 1500,2 and fig. 17, from one with the imprint of
Tan Seversz at Leyden, 1511,3 show the Great Primer used for the headings and the
English-bodied for the remainder of the works.
Den tranrebioeöeren onte Sona
nentura. Dpe ñamado cardmael
eñfóflcop toante comen Craelcfe
tó gljetranflateert of onerjjtjeíet
comgeert öoer tooeö lucasi nan
öertjeij. oanöen minrebioeöeri
Fig. 17. Great Primer Black Letter no. 3. Resetting of the beginning of
Bonaventura, Priclcel der minnen, Leyden, Jan Seversz., 1511.
After Cornelis Henricx the well-known Delft printer, Albrecht Hendricksz,
owned our matrices.4 This man whose family name was Van Leuningen, set up a
press in Delft, where he lived then in 1570, On 11 December 1582 he was appointed
Printer to the States of Holland and West Friesland in succession to Carolus Silvius,
of Leyden. Silvius, who had been sworn to the ofhee in 1580, succeeded his father,
1er beginnt een teer nota*
bel ende piof ttelncfe botqc
ben gtjetjeeten Den pppegijel
camerpootte int uo0eirjupo Ш mi
««Sopuaert îtea ¿. J*
Fig. 18.Great Primer Black Letter N0.3, English-bodied Black Letter no. i.
Lombardie Initials N0.2. Resetting of title and imprint of Lambert Goetman,
Spyegliel der ¡cmghers, Antwerp, Govaert Вас, с. 1500.
[i] Vervliet type в 3.  A fuller account of him is given by E. F. Kossmann,
 CA 851, nk 1017. The use of the type is not recorded De boeklmndel te 's-Gravenhnge, pp. 178-180, and M.Schneider,Dc
in any of Bac's editions dated before 1501 (see HPT 2, pp. voorgeschiedenis van de 'Algemecne LandsdruIdcerij', 1939, pp. 31-54.
390-391). See also Briels pp. 312-315. No evidence can be found of his
 nk 468. Catalogue auction Enscltedé 1867, lot 512. owning the old Black Letters.
ТІіе descent of