Б4.ТНЕ NON-DESIGNER'S TYPE BOOK
Of course you are using proper quotation marks (" ") and not typewriter
marks (")• American standards decree that periods and commas be placed
inside quotation marks, always. Yes, I know, the logical thing to do is to
place them inside or outside depending on whether the comma or period
belongs to the material in the quotes or not. Like it or not, that's not the
way it is in America; some other countries do it differently.
"Oh Bear," said Christopher Robin, "How I do love you."
"So do I," said Pooh.
Colons and semicolons are always placed outside the quotation marks, and
they are both followed by one space.
This is how to pronounce "forte": fort.
Most people mispronounce "victuals"; it is properly
Exclamation points and question marks follow logic: If the mark belongs to the
quoted matter, it goes inside. Otherwise it is set outside.
She said, "I love to crack crawdads!"
Did she say, "I love to crack crawdads"?
She asked me, "Don't you love to crack crawdads?"
My son warned me, "Mom, I met a girl who loves
to crack crawdads"!
6: PUNCTUATION STYLE
If the text inside the parentheses is just an aside within or at the end of a
sentence (like this one), then the punctuation goes after and outside the
If the text inside the parentheses is a complete sentence that starts with a
capital letter and ends with a period (or other final mark), then the punc¬
tuation belongs inside the parentheses. (This is an example.)
There are no extra spaces surrounding parentheses, other than the normal
word space before and after. There is no extra space between the closing
parenthesis and any punctuation that might follow.
Meet me under the magnolia at twilight
(without the wig], and we will waddle down
the trail together.
Notice the comma is directly after the parenthesis, and
there is just the regular word space after the comma.
Also see Chapter 7 for information on when you might need to shift the
baseline position (up or down) of the parentheses.