THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY
(J¿ This very fine script was used only by Willem Silvius so long as he lived. Its
earliest appearance was in Ûegantiarum puerilium ex ciceronis epistolis libr. iii, selecFed by
G. Fabricius (Antwerp, 1566).x Van Hout was the first to own it after the death of
Silvius at Leyden in 1580; at Amsterdam, Laurens Jacobsz had it by 1590 and used
it for Den mer sten mile van Lowijs Porcjuin.2 Robert Granjon was in Antwerp during
1565—66, and three other Civilité types, of which two were certainly cut by him,
came into use by Silvius at that time. His association with Silvius and the quality
of the workmanship favour an attribution of this typeface to Granjon. X)
The fount is made up as follows :
27 capitals: (^£е©<^/<££^т1£^2(Ж(ЯОрС£(2^ctSdWX($$
32 lower-case letters: aaßcciej$($y¿„kemiiop>qxг¡іймпъііі^х,
12 initial lower-case letters: ^b&fijß^m^^^r^^
8 final lower-case letters: с-і^оуу^
io initial and medial ligatures: ^cov^ftff^ffffffA
6 final ligatures : с^л, &£ $ tf
2 ligatures for the words en and in: вп^
4 contracFions for the words ende and et: @^%^
9 numerals : 1 z 3 4 5 6 7 $ 9
6 puncFuation marks : , = -(!?
Jan van Hout's printing office was refurnished from time to time. In 1580 he
spent 135 florins, 4 stivers on a Great Primer Civilité, having found the Pica (our
No. 14; see p. 56) too small and too light in colour for setting charters and similar
records. The matrices for the Great Primer have vanished—unfortunately—for it
was used by Plantin and was a favourite of Flemish and Dutch printers in the seven¬
teenth century.3 This was the type chosen by Abraham Casteleyn in January 1656
^rtvtt íft^>ctt"D>e croóte ^ееге <5
fegnDen afe ffflcÇrc^ey, enDe £g fafDen Jqtttt iy
ßfmm ny oyc\v2f&t<òu(dOg?ìi
Fig. 34. Great Primer Civilité no. 30. Resetting of part of Jan van Hout's type-specimen
in a seventeenth-century face that bears a resemblance to his Great Primer Civilité.
 Carter-Vervliet 94. pp. 38, 47). The punches and the matrices survive in the
 Carter-Vervliet 257. Museum Plantin-Moretus (ST 45, MA 109). The matrices went
 It is a type for a more set hand than the lettre [rançoise to Raphelengius at Leyden on Plantin's death in 1589 and
imitated by the smaller Civilités. Plantin called it Bastarde. He were later returned to Antwerp (Early Inventories pp. 97, 118).
bought the punches and a set of strikes from Granjon in Several Dutch printers had the Bastarde from 1587 until the
1567, and had the strikes justified by Guyot (Early Inventories middle of the seventeenth century (See Carter-Vervliet pp.
re ирпгтггіъе, faßukuf^cpt Der
% Щ> fc^t, $*Ф mg^CeßeDen Çem "OiPeecßeCtjcßDaermeDe, oftemetietôDaer
De jíjne 6eter afôD'anDere jíjnjÇefôee/t; (W\aer naDat 4>r. <òan giften oéer-
feDen ííoao, Себ icß raetfaemez^Çeooz'fceeft, om$tm ^faef <òan een anDer te
біу^огщ Çoe&ef nagD'anDere Gourantíere aenjoc^ten, <èooz mijn feCfeteDoen
Drticßen, te meer affoo tcß nieufôejÇefejjentÇejDt tot
ßoppeft í£erDen,Dat Cet «SerßofcjCene een6equaeme<^ißo2ießan4ßoo2naeni(te
in europa \aí jijn: 'ß ADDeDerÇafôen^ÇefieftDefe te fa<002ífeeren, enDe to
5^e62u^cßen, Daer *3? л£. te <ооогеп <£>r. Я>лп fittene pûujÇ te бсСі^гщ en
fenDcjDer£af<3en So л£.jjÇefijcft.ijÇetaf too, te fcen Gouranten,
tot 24 ^tuj^oerô 't ^feoecß, ftuîenDe Su лЗ. metj^eÇouDen $офп <Ьоог eerjt,
De onDenr jjÇefneDen Couranten,Die Su -\S. niet en <êer6eeJujÇt, anDereafemet
De^faDenteßetafen^aermeDeioeröfg^e^na^aerfenaDen ^Januarg i 656.
Fig. 35. Great Primer Civilité no. 30. Resetting of the announcement of the Oprechte Haerlemse Courant by
Abraham Casteleyn in 1656, originally set in the same typeface as Jan van Hout's Great Primer Civilité.
to set the announcement of his forthcoming news-sheet the Haarlemsche Courant,
that my ancestors bought later on in 1737 (fig. 35).x
I shall return to the subjecF of Civilité types in the next chapter, where I deal
with the seventeenth-century material. We have a set of matrices for a script of the
kind (no. 30 of our inventory) evidently modelled on the sixteenth-century design,
from which it departs only slightly (fig. 34).2
Four-line Pico Ornamental Initials No. 13.3 In 1582 the Clerk to the Council at Leyden,
Jan van Hout, bought a fount of Double Pica Roman out of the estate of the de¬
ceased Willem Silvius, and in the same year bought type for the 'script capitals'
and 'great capitals'.4 Matrices for the initials passed at a later date to the foundry
of Izaak van der Putte and afterwards to Ploos van Amstel, from whom our firm
bought them. Another set of matrices for the same face, deriving from the firm of
Hendrik & Anthonie Bruyn, was included in the sale of the typefoundry of Elix at
104-112 for books printed in the type designated A 6). A set 1962, p. 45; Carter-Vervliet pp. 54-55. Manuscript notes by
of matrices presumably handed down by Jean de Tournes II, Van Hout in the margins of the lost specimen show that he
who used the type at Lyons in 1588 (Carter-Vervliet pp. 56,100), bought only type, not matrices, for the Civilités.
lasted there until 1773, when the face was shown in a specimen-  CTV 262.
book of the typefounder Delacolonge; reproduced in The  See pp. 136-139.
Type Sperimeli of Delacolonge. Introduction and notes by Harry  CTV 99.
barter, 1969, p. (97), cf. p. 73. For other specimens of it, see  Rammelman Elsevier, Voontialige Driitlierij, p. 284.
H. Carter, The script types of Robert Granjon, Gutenberg-Jahrbuch